Identification of Prioritized Coastal Wetlands at Ganajam District: Odisha, India

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Research areas:
Year:
2014
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Coastal Wetlands, Conservation Priority Index, Avifauna Diversity, Threats
Authors:
Behera Subrat Kumar; Rajkishore Mohanta
Journal:
IJRIES
Volume:
1
Number:
1
Pages:
10-16
Month:
Sep.- Oct.
ISSN:
2394-1375
BibTex:
Abstract:
Conservation of wetlands is constantly given a priority for its richness of biodiversity and sustainable utilization. This paper highlights the findings of prioritized coastal wetlands at Ganjam District, Odisha. A total of 4070 ha wetlands account for coastal wetlands at Ganjam district of which 39.9 % is saltpan, 26.9 % is back water and 17.4 % is of waterlogged areas. The priority of wetlands was evaluated in terms of (Conservation Priority Index) scoring system, which has about 19 prescribed indicators under four criteria. This paper highlights the detailed status of wetlands in terms of conservation priority. Out of the nine sites, five sites have conservation priority of which three sites, Prayagi, Bahuda backwaters, Tampara Lake need immediate conservation. This present study also recorded 79 species of birds belonging to 19 families of avifauna diversity in and around coastal wetlands of Ganjam and threats to the area.